Action research is research in which the researcher takes an involved role as a participant in planning and implementing change. Originated by Kurt Lewin, action research was, and involves conducting experiments by making changes while simultaneously observing the results.
• Action research is a practical way for individuals to explore the nature of their practice and to improve it.
• Action research encourages practitioners to become knowledge-makers, rather than merely knowledge-users.
• Action research uses action as a means of research; planned change is implemented, monitored and analysed.
• Action research proceeds in an action-reflection cycle or spiral.
• The process can be messy; as research proceeds, wider links are likely to be identified.
• Action research is carried out by individuals, but these individuals may work collaboratively.
• Action researchers may use a variety of research methods, both qualitative and quantitative.
• Action researchers must ensure triangulation in their methods.